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SEXUAL VICTIMIZATION

Public Record Resources



Male on Male Sexual Assault
Male Victims of
Sexual Assault



If He Is Raped: Guidebook for Parents, Mates & Friends
If He Is Raped: Guidebook for Parents, Mates, & Friends




Alone and Forgotten: The Sexually
Abused Man



Narrative Approaches to Working with Adult Male Survivors of Sexual Abuse: The Clients', the Counsellor's and the Researcher's Stories
Narrative Approaches to Working with Adult Male Survivors of Sexual Abuse: Client, Counsellor and Researcher Stories



Leaping upon the Mountains: Men Proclaiming Victory over Sexual Child Abuse
Leaping upon Mountains: Men Proclaiming Victory over Sexual Child Abuse






Opening The Door: A Treatment Model For Therapy With Male Survivors Of Sexual Abuse
Opening The Door: A Treatment Model For Therapy With Male Survivors Of Sexual Abuse



In Cabin Six : An Anthology of Poetry by Male Survivors of Sexual Abuse
In Cabin Six: An Anthology of Poetry by Male Survivors of Sexual Abuse

MALE VICTIMS OF SEXUAL VIOLENCE



MALE VICTIMS: Overview

A recent national estimate suggests that one out of every eight men will be sexually assaulted during his lifetime. The majority of them will be assaulted by men. As with men who rape women, men who rape other men are motivated primarily by a desire to do violence and to assert power.

According to 2005 statistics compiled by the U.S. Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics, over 34,000 males over the age of 12 reported being the victim of rape or sexual assault.

This number is likely to be only a small portion of the actual number of sexual assaults against males - as only 64% of all victims of both genders report sexual crimes against them.

Of these victims, almost half new their assailant, either as a teacher, friend, co-worker or other acquaintance. The other half were assaulted by total strangers.

If you or someone you know has been a victim of male on male sexual assault, you can contact the RAINN Hotline at: 800-656-HOPE to locate counseling, therapy and support groups. If financial concerns are keeping you from getting help, please consider filing an application for Crime Victim Compensation; a pool of money available in every state to help victims pay for things like professional counseling or therapy. You can find information for your state HERE.



Male on Male Rape: The Hidden Toll of Stigma and Shame

Male on Male Rape: The Hidden Toll of Stigma and Shame False assumptions and popular stereotypes help us to ignore one society's most troubling problems - the rape of men by other men. A subject rarely discussed, let alone explored beyond tasteless jokes, same-sex sexual violence can burden survivors with an overwhelming sense of misery and confusion.Male on Male Rape examines a form of violence that, despite worldwide prevalence, remains vastly underreported and unrecognized. Michael Scarce, coordinator of a rape education and prevention program and a survivor of adult male rape, investigates the substantial effects of male-on-male sexual violence on individuals and society, dispelling popular myths and questioning why most communities cannot or will not confront the problem of same-sex sexual violence. This groundbreaking book is the culmination of years of research that includes numerous interviews with straight and gay male rape survivors, an analysis of popular media, case studies, and the author's own personal and professional experience.



Victims No Longer: The Classic Guide for Men Recovering from Sexual Child Abuse

Victims No Longer: The Classic Guide for Men Recovering from Sexual Child Abuse The first book written specifically for men, Victims No Longer examines the changing cultural attitudes toward male survivors of incest and other sexual trauma. Now, in this Second Edition, this invaluable resource continues to offer compassionate and practical advice, supported by personal anecdotes and statements of male survivors. Victims No Longer helps survivors to: Identify and validate their childhood experiences; Explore strategies of survival and healing; Work through issues such as trust, intimacy, and sexual confusion; Establish a support network for continued personal recovery; and Make choices that aren't determined by abuse.



ORGANIZATIONS HELPING MALE VICTIMS OF SEXUAL CRIMES

MaleSurvivor.org: online community and information, including chat, message boards, articles and more. HIGHLY RECOMMENDED!

Men-Stopping-Rape.org: an organization of men working in to promote education for men about sexual assault.

MenWeb.org: Men helping men on a variety of topics, including battered men, and male victims of childhood sexual abuse. Great message boards and support.



Abused Boys: The Neglected victims of Sexual Abuse

Abused Boys: The Neglected victims of Sexual Abuse A long overdue book by a psychologist who has extensive clinical experience treating male victims of child sexual abuse, it explodes the myth that sexual abuse of male children is rare, or that the consequences are less serious than for girls. Hunter examines the physical and emotional impact of abuse on its victims and the factors affecting revovery. With personal case histories of victims and their families, this is a powerfully written and meticulously researched book that is a landmark in the field of child sexual abuse literature.


ARTICLES ON MALE VICTIMS OF SEXUAL CRIMES

Men and Sexual Trauma
By Julie Whealin, PhD. Fact sheet from the National Center for PTSD

Male-to-Male Child Sexual Abuse In the Context of Homophobia
by Kali Munro, M.Ed., Psychotherapist.

Sexual Abuse of Males: Prevalence, Possible Lasting Effects, and Resources
By Jim Hopper, Ph.D.

What You Should Know About Men Who Have Been Sexually Assaulted
From the New York Alliance Against Sexual Assault

Female Sexual Abusers: Theory of Loss
By Hollida Wakefield, Martha Rogers, and Ralph Underwager for the Institute for Psychological Therapies

Why Real Guys Don't Tell
From ekklesia.com



RESEARCH ON MALE VICTIMS OF SEXUAL ASSAULT

Coxell, A. W., & King, M. B. (1996). Male Victims of Rape and Sexual Abuse. Sexual & Marital Therapy, 11(3), 297-308.

This article reviews the sexual assault of adult males. A number of myths concerning the survivors, perpetrators, and plausibility of such assaults are critically examined. Sexual assault prevalence data from 1,480 males is presented. The results from a study of coercion in gay relationships is also included. The problems that males reported after sexual assault are discussed. These problems include: PTSD, sexual problems, difficulties forming close relationships, mistrust of adult men, suicide attempts, confusion about sexual orientation, and various mood disorders. Sexual assault by females (which is comparatively rare) tends to leave men less traumatized than sexual assaults by men because these types of assaults are less likely to involve physical force and because same-sex sexual contact, which is traumatic in itself to heterosexual males, is not involved.

Darves-Bornoz, J. M., Choquet, M., Ledoux, S., Gasquet, I., & Manfredi, R. (1998). Gender Differences in Symptoms of Adolescents Reporting Sexual Assault. Social Psychiatry & Psychiatric Epidemiology, 33(3), 111-117.

While the sexual assault of children and adolescents is widely studied, there has been a lack of research examining issues related to male victims. This study reports on a nationwide survey of school-age adolescents in France. In all, 121 boys and 344 girls reported having been sexually assaulted (mean age 15.4 years). Results indicated that girls exhibited more somatic symptoms and mood disorders while boys more frequently demonstrated behavioral symptoms such as running away, suicide attempts, violent outbursts, and substance use.

Hodge, S., & Canter, D. (1998). Victims and Perpetrators of Male Sexual Assault. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 13(2), 222-239.

The authors report two different accounts of male sexual assault in the literature. The first view is that rapes are perpetrated by homosexual offenders. The other view is that rape is predominantly an example of heterosexual violence. This article reports on the results a study constructed to explore both possibilities. Data from 83 male sexual assault victims and 36 investigated police reports was reviewed. Results indicated that homosexual offenders knew their victims for some time and targeted males under the age of 25 years. Heterosexual offenders were more likely to attack strangers of all ages and tended to operate in gangs. Consistent with the literature on the rape of females, the data indicated that the acquaintance rape was less likely to be reported to the police.

Isely, P. J., Busse, W., & Isely, P. (1998). Sexual Assault of Males in Late Adolescence: A Hidden Phenomenon. Professional School Counseling, 2(2), 153-160.

Recently a small body of research has shown that adolescent males, 16 years of age and older, are at risk of sexual assault. The sexual assault of adolescent males, however, has not been thoroughly explored. Much like sexually abused children, these survivors display significant emotional difficulties as a consequence of the sexual assault. An awareness of this type of abuse may assist in the early identification and treatment of this unacknowledged population.

Isely, P. J., & Gehrenbeck-Shim, D. (1997). Sexual Assault of Men in the Community. Journal of Community Psychology, 25(2), 159-166.

This study reports on an attempt to determine the extent of male sexual assault. Agencies that work with sexual assault victims (N = 172) reported contact with 3,635 men who had sought treatment for sexual assault. Most assaults occurred between the ages of 16 and 30 years and a majority of these men experienced symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD).

King, M., & Woollett, E. (1997). Sexually Assaulted Males: 115 Men Consulting a Counseling Service. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 26(6), 579-588.

Data was collected on 115 male sexual assault victims who were seen at least once for face-to-face counseling. Analysis revealed that 69 men were assaulted prior to age 16 years. The average time from assault to obtaining counseling services was 16.4 years. Fifty-one men were assaulted more than once. The perpetrator was known to the victim in the majority of cases. One-hundred respondents were assaulted by one or more men. Of the sample, 88 men did not seek help at the time and only 17 men reported the assault to the police. Victims under the age of 16, who were assaulted, were more likely to report that this was their first sexual experience. Victims under the age of 16 were also more likely to delay contact with counseling and less likely to report to police. Victims assaulted by more than one person were less likely to have experienced the incident as their first sexual experience, more likely to have been assaulted by strangers, and to have suffered physical injuries.

Kuhn, J. A., Arellano, C. M., & Chavez, E. L. (1998). Correlates of Sexual Aassault in Mexican American and White non-Hispanic Adolescent Males. Violence & Victims, 13(1), 11-20.

Psychosocial and emotional variables were assessed for a sample of 1,385 Mexican American and White non-Hispanic adolescent males. Among those sampled, 54 males reported being sexually assaulted one or more times. Adolescent male victims were on average more socially isolated, emotionally distressed, and socially maladjusted (e.g., they exhibited more behaviors such as lying and stealing). These males were also more likely to affiliate with deviant peers and to come from homes with substance use, compared to males who were not reporting sexual assault. Significant differences between Mexican American and White non-Hispanic assault victims were not found.

Stermac, L., Sheridan, P. M., Davidson, A., & Dunn, S. (1996). Sexual Assault of Adult Males. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 11(1), 52-64.

This study examines the instance and characteristics of sexual assault against 29 males (aged 1865 years) who were seen in a crisis unit. The men's personal history, demographic, and assault information were reviewed. Results showed that 86% of the sexual assaults involved male perpetrators, one involved a female perpetrator, and two involved both. Within this sample, 50% of the male-male assaults and both of the female-male assaults involved friends or acquaintances. Most victims were young gay men, many of whom had cognitive or physical disabilities that made them vulnerable; however, only a few of the stranger assaults appeared to be related to antigay violence.

Vearnals, S., & Campbell, T. (2001). Male Victims of Male Sexual Assault: A Review of Psychological Consequences and Treatment. Sexual & Relationship Therapy, 16(3), 279-286.

Recently in the UK, males were incorporated into the definition of rape. Prior to that, it was legally impossible for a male to be a victim of sexual assault. Not only in the UK but worldwide, the issue of male sexual assault is underaddressed. The authors discuss the health consequences of MSA, the lack of research in this area, and they stress the need for appropriate treatment interventions for victims. Further research is urged in this area; especially in the epidemiology of MSA, the emotional, physical and psychological consequences, and the most effective psychological interventions.
Beyond Betrayal : Taking Charge of Your Life after Boyhood Sexual Abuse
Beyond Betrayal: Taking Charge of Your Life after Boyhood Sexual Abuse



Speaking Our Truth: Voices of Courage and Healing for Male Survivors of Childhood Sexual Abuse
Speaking Our Truth: Voices of Courage and Healing for Male Survivors of Childhood Sexual Abuse



Wounded Boys, Heroic Men: A Man's Guide to Recovering from Child Abuse
Wounded Boys, Heroic Men: A Man's Guide to Recovering from Child Abuse






Betrayed as Boys
Betrayed as Boys



Don't Tell: The Sexual Abuse of Boys
Don't Tell: The Sexual Abuse of Boys



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Last Updated: March 23, 2011